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    STUDIA THEOLOGIA ORTHODOXA - Issue no. 1 / 2011  

Authors:  .
  Abstract:  The first sistematician theologian of the Reformation, Philiph Melanchthon, Martin Luther’s collaborator and friend, systematic genius, humanist, is as much as Luther, the principal founder of Lutheranism, called Evangelical theology parent.In Melanchthon’s thought there is a link between justification, the Church and the Eucharist. As a result of justification by grace given by God, man enters into the justification by faith. In this moment he is member of the Church of Christ, which is the meeting of all the right in this way, receiving the grace of God not only by imputation, but the sacraments. Melanchthon recognize episcopal authority in the first phase, but the Confessions of faith, whose author is he, know the idea of a Church order established by human law. Ordination by the laying on of hands and prayer, is a mere ritual to invest in office, an empowerment.In the late stage of his theology, Philipp Melanchthon develop a doctrine of the visible Church, regarded as a divine institution. After 1540 he rejects the notion of invisible Church, regarded until now as a reality, because it consists of people who live here. He talks about the institutional Church, claiming the right of the evangelics to be called the Church to consider the true successor of the early Church.

Key-words: ecclesiology, justification, Church, confession, priesthood, authority 

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