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    STUDIA THEOLOGIA GRAECO-CATHOLICA VARADIENSIS - Issue no. 2 / 2009  
         
  Article:   THE DEATH AND THE LIFE AFTER DEATH IN THE OLD EGYPTIAN THINKING.

Authors:  BEKE CSABA.
 
       
         
  Abstract:   The Death and the Life after Death in the Old Egyptian Thinking. The Egyptians proved a constant preoccupation for the problem of death and its enigmas. This fact had an impact on their social and spiritual life, giving to it a strange and special identity. In the conception of Herodotus, the ancient historian, the Egyptians were the first people who talked about the eternity of soul. This fact was the main characteristic of their life and religion. They considered that death is only an interruption, not the end of life, and the life after this life would be full with joy and pleasure. Because of that reason, they embalmed their corpses, saving them from the destruction of time. It was considered that the mummy would have the same lifestyle in the next life as he/she had it in the anterior life. Because of that in their grave were put different things, which were considered useful for their next life...The concept of soul and death is exposed on their book named The Book of Dead. The Book of Dead is a description of the ancient Egyptian conception of the afterlife and a collection of hymns, spells and instructions to allow the deceased to pass through obstacles in the afterlife. The Book of Deadwas most commonly written on a papyrus scroll and placed in the coffin or burial chamber of the deceased. When it was first discovered, The Book of Dead was thought to be an ancient Egyptian Bible.

Keywords: death, life, Egyptian, mummy, afterlife
 
         
     
         
         
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