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    STUDIA PHILOLOGIA - Issue no. 2 / 2000  
         
  Article:   GROUP IDENTITY ISSUES IN NORTHERN IRELAND.

Authors:  CRISTINA DUMITRU.
 
       
         
  Abstract:  The aim of this paper is to present some aspects of group identity in Northern Ireland which can be used in order to explain the current situation in this region. The relationships examined here are those between the Catholic and the Protestant communities in Ulster, as well as those between the British and the Irish. Group identity is established and maintained on the basis of shared beliefs about the world, about other (enemy) groups, etc. Stereotypes are an important aspect of shared beliefs about rival groups, and they tend to be handed down from one generation to the next in the same form, thus contributing to the perpetuation of conflict between them, as is the case in Northern Ireland. Religious beliefs for instance have played an essential role in the conflict, as have nationalist ideologies and beliefs about the groupís origin and ancestry. The language and beliefs about language have also influenced the development of the conflict to a certain extent.  
         
     
         
         
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