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    STUDIA MUSICA - Issue no. 2 / 2011  

Authors:  .
  Abstract:  The comparative study of music and language has become the object of many specialised researcher. As language, music involves perceptible elements organized in a hierarchy of sequential structures, based on syntactic principles. In order to define the concept of musical language and especially to understand why music is a language, we will start from the larger sphere of the definitions of natural languages. We will see how the language elements and the mechanisms through which they become functional in communication can be extrapolated in music. The correspondence between natural language and musical language is biunivocal in general terms and flexible in particular situations. We will compare the two languages, in order to discover and express the places of interference and of dissociation between them.

Keywords: Chomsky, Schenker, language, music, structure.
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