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    STUDIA MUSICA - Issue no. 2 / 2010  

Authors:  .
  Abstract:  There are various moments in the evolution of the musical instruments along history and a variety of versions until reaching the shape they have today. The flute, an instrument belonging to the woodwind category of instruments, can be found in Romania in two forms and with two different names: the archaic one of Pipe, used in the folkloric area, with multiple versions and names, and the one of Flute, used in the symphonic, cultured music. Based on the archaeological discoveries on the Romanian territory and of documented historical writings, we can say that the flute has been present in our country even since the Upper Palaeolithic, but in a primitive form. Although the name of flute appears together with the one of pipe ever since the ancient times, the side-blown (transversal) flute used in the cultured music was brought into our country from Europe by the professional musicians who came in the 16th century, when the cultured music became more and more important and developed in the musical institutions (during the 19th century). Nowadays, the presence of the flute in concerts and in the musical institutions rises to European standards.

Keywords: history, evolution, instruments, flute, pipe, aerophone, Romania.
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