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    STUDIA GEOGRAPHIA - Issue no. 2 / 2011  

Authors:  .

Shrimp farming has been carried out extensively along the coastal areas of Bagan Tengkorak, Tanjung Karang, Selangor, Malaysia. Large areas of mangroves in the area, almost 90% had been cleared for the development of shrimp farming. The closest human settlement to the shrimp ponds are the people of Bagan Tengkorak. A case study was conducted at Bagan Tengkorak to assess the socio-economic and environmental impacts due to the development of shrimp farms in the area. The study group in this case are the people who make a living from the nearby mangrove forests before the shrimp farm development and until now. Result of the study showed that the tiger prawn farming along the coastal areas, did not bring any positive effects to the people of Bagan Tengkorak. The entrepreneurs with their foreign capital cleared and changed mangrove forest and wetland landscape into rows of ponds along the coast. The residents of Bagan Tengkorak did not benefit from shrimp farm development including any job opportunity or aquaculture products from the ponds for trade or consumption. There is no significant infrastructure development or existing infra-structure maintenance taking place in the area due to the development of shrimp farms. Rather, the shrimp farm development along the coast of Bagan Tengkorak has brought many environmental and socio-economic problems including loss of mangrove forest, coastal wildlife habitats, loss of natural resources, frequent flooding, loss of income, reduced fish catch and pest problems.

Keywords: Shrimp aquaculture, socio-economic impacts, environmental impact.

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