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    STUDIA EUROPAEA - Issue no. 4 / 2014  
         
  Article:   LET THE COURT DECIDE! THE JUDICIAL REVIEW AND POLITICAL CRISIS: IS THERE A LINK BETWEEN THE TWO? THE CASE OF THE ALBANIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT (1991-2010).

Authors:  .
 
       
         
  Abstract:   When are constitutional judges most likely to be invoked to decide on political issues? Why do political actors opt for the intervention of the Constitutional Court, rather than using other means? The case of the Albanian Constitutional Court, the principal organ invoked to decide over political issues, is used to show that political crisis facilitates the intervention of Constitutional Court through judicial review. Judicial review in Albania has traditionally had a marginal role in political life, still during political crisis, the Court was more active in promoting judicial review by deciding on political and public issues.Using the tools from delegation theory to non-majoritarian institutions, this study takes into account two key elements of institutional design, the institutional form selected and the decision to delegate, assuming that access to judicial review will be greater firstly, where political forces are diffused and secondly, when the function of the court is regulated by constitutional provisions rather than by legal provisions. This paper aims at identifying political crisis as a required indicator for the increase of judicial review. The aim is to connect the case of the Albanian Constitutional Court with more general governance challenges and systemic deficiencies.

Keywords: judicial review, constitutional court, political crisis, delegation theory to non-majoritarian institution.
 
         
     
         
         
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