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    STUDIA EUROPAEA - Issue no. 1 / 2005  

  Abstract:  How do the Romanian intellectuals relate to the European approach? If we take into account the public expressions (press, books, etc.), then we can identify fairly quickly some well shaped prototype attitudes: the passeistic nationalism; the conservative nationalism; the utopian European; the opportunistic European; the pan European. The Romanian nation was formed late (without being singular from this point of view), and its formation came up against serious obstacles, which it had to overcome, starting, in a somewhat forced manner, from the outskirts of society. However, the edge of society created the mentality of isolation and solitary fight. The passeistic nationalism positions itself, in a completely unreflexive way, in this mentality that it reprises as some sort of supreme wisdom. It sees only enemies around it and calls for mobilization. Paradoxically, however, it reprises this mentality long after the fight has been won, and when there are other issues on the agenda: achieving performance in knowledge, democratisation, living conditions. Why does it do this? Because, - put in simple terms - it is nothing but a diversion. The nationalistic agitations from more than one century ago (which, in the context of those days, was not without reason!) is visibly the work of the old secret services, and afterwards, as usual, the action of the demagogues. Many intellectuals practice it from various reasons: secret obedience towards those services, lack of professional competitiveness, absence of communication skills in foreign languages. For them, the new Europe, with supranational structures, is evil itself.  
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