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Authors:  SEKOT ALEŠ.
  Abstract:  Present time brings many various risks for the mankind. One of them is an increased occurrence of obesity, especially in industrially advanced countries. The growing technological, economic, cultural, biomedical and social developments of European societies produced a high level of comfortable living for a very large segment of population. For increasing amount of inhabitants, the need to perform considerable physical activity in daily lives no longer exists. We are living a time when society, culture and science have become increasingly aware of the great importance of sport not only as a part of mass culture, but broadly understood, for individual and social health and well-being. Physical activity of people plays increasingly more important role in scientific interest regarding way of life of contemporary society and it is very important factor in the process of officiating of the level of healthy and active life style, quality of life and health in general. Indispensable role of physical activity in the course of human life is permanently scientifically confirmed. From sociological point of view three categories of physical activities are established: No physical activity, regular sustained physical activity, regular vigorous physical activity. The development of a sedentary life style is the result of a socialization process towards physical inactivity developed in youth and continued into adulthood. Social analysis of inactivity and patterns of sedentary living – in Czech Republic summarize very high level of prestige of sport and sportive activities in Czech society. But at the same time it was confirmed generally known fact that the significant part of population its positive attitude to physical activities does not realize in practical personal everyday life in the form of regular sport activities. Such “desocializing phenomenon” is reflected in declines and lack of membership in physical activity organized neighbourhood local groups. Resulting effect is apparent: people are more and more individualized, loosing beneficial impacts of community activities, involved in passive way of life lacking proper level of physical activities and active sport. If we want to charge nutrition itself with the ever worsening trend of overweight and obesity prevalence, we have to distinguish the areas and boundaries of individual and social responsibility.

Keywords: Physical activity, sport, obesity, risk, society, inactivity, socialization
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