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    STUDIA EDUCATIO ARTIS GYMNASTICAE - Issue no. 2 / 2013  
         
  Article:   THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL THERAPY ON KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS REHABILITATION.

Authors:  .
 
       
         
  Abstract:  VIEW PDF: THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL THERAPY ON KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS REHABILITATION

Objectives: This study examines the rehabilitation of a 30 patients group diagnosed with primitive or secondary knee arthritis who received physical therapy. Materials and methods. The study was conducted on a group of 30 patients older than 40 years, diagnosed with primary or secondary knee arthritis, to their admission into the service of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Medicine, who were divided in two groups: a control group (n = 14) who received electrotherapy, massage and medical symptomatic pain relievers and the active group (n = 16), whose therapeutic program included electrotherapy, massage and physical therapy. Also, patients were evaluated in three phases: initial, at the end of hospitalization (14 days) after carrying out medical rehabilitation assistance and one month, at the end of kinetic program and after another 14 days of rehabilitation). Results and discussion. The evaluation of the two patients groups on the first and the last day of rehabilitation therapy using VAS scales, degrees of mobility and travel time distance of 20 meters reveals the following results: amplitude of motion of the knee showed a significant increase occurring at each reassessment. Knee mobility increase to the first group compared with the second and VAS pain scale were increased after treatment in both groups. Making treatment lead to improve your output in each group so every group increase growth rate of movement, without pain or discomfort from treatment. There is substantial decrease in the knee arthritis pain which has improved the joint mobility on different types of daily movements. Conclusions. Knee region is a complex anatomical and functional characterized by double role: to support the entire weight of the body and the preservation of properly walking on any terrain. The role of locomotion-term leverage, while providing knee stability and mobility, balance and swing, acceleration and deceleration. Therapy was established by the department team: medical rehabilitation, physiotherapist, physiotherapy assistant, masseuse. They prefer physical therapy instead of drug therapy for patients affected by chronic rheumatic degenerative diseases (including knee arthritis) due to significant effects of this therapy and also because this kind of therapy have no side effects.
Keywords:
physical therapy, primary or secondary knee osteoarthritis, rehabilitation.
 
         
     
         
         
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