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    STUDIA PHILOSOPHIA - Issue no. 3 / 2011  
         
  Article:   SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON METHODOLOGY IN ETHICS: THE DIFFERENT LEVELS OF CRITIQUE IN THE VARIOUS AREAS OF PROFESSIONAL ETHICS.

Authors:  PATRICK O’SULLIVAN.
 
       
         
  Abstract:  Beginning from a reminder of the logical properties of ethical discourse the paper first of all compares and (more tellingly) contrasts the three areas of applied ethics that were the subject of the conference: business ethics, journalism ethics and medical ethics. The sharp contrast between the automatic presumption of a high moral commitment from medical practitioners and the presumption of a total absence of moral obligation that we find in certain ultraliberal writers on economics and business is shown to be very revealing even if that ultraliberal position is widely challenged today especially in the aftermath of the financial crisis. The latter part of the article then reflects in methodological vein on the three quite different logical levels at which a normative critique of professional practice may be carried out in each of the three areas (business, journalism and medical) and ends with a plea for the place of metaethics (which we here label as level 3 critique) as a vital contributor to ethical discussion in a multicultural globalised world.

Key words: Metaethics; Ultraliberalism; Business (Ethics); Journalism (Ethics); Medical (Ethics); Moral Philosophy. 

 
         
     
         
         
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