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    STUDIA MUSICA - Issue no. 2 / 2008  

  Abstract:  Il Trovatore is one of Verdi’s most popular operas that combine the old and the new in Verdi’s aesthetic. This opera was written in the middle of a troubled period of Verdi’s life – both political as well as personal – therefore one could safely say that this opera is a result of this inner turmoil, transforming Verdi’s heartache in nourishment of the soul for the masses. Il Trovatore is the second opera of the so-called "trilogia popolare” of Rigoletto, Il Trovatore and La traviata. Verdi brings a new meaning to the opera’s unity by the orchestral color and the recurrence of some basic symbols (the night, the firelight, the iron of the hammers and the chains) that show an implacable, ineluctable fate. Not a capricious fate that plays with the characters, as in La forza del destino, but a fate that has already been destined by the actions of the others. In the next few pages we will try to render both the historical and artistic side of the opera; its path from inspiration to actually creating a role in order to reveal some light on one of the most complex musical genres - the opera.

Keywords: Verdi, Il Trovatore, opera, analysis, trilogia, aesthetic, genesis, symbols, inovative, synopsis, musical characterization, impression.
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