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    STUDIA EUROPAEA - Issue no. 2 / 2001  
         
  Article:   FROM INDIGENOUS ETHNOGRAPHIES TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY. COMMENTS ON THE HISTORY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES IN ROMANIA.

Authors:  ALINA BRANDA.
 
       
         
  Abstract:  The aim of this paper is to analyze, mainly, the circumstances in which the cultural/social research (in the ethnographical, ethnological and sociological variants) is configured in Eastern and Central Europe and, also, to discuss its purpose and methodology. On the other hand, I have attempted to focus on the different perspective suggested by American or West European anthropological approaches and ethnographical/ethnological assessments, framed in Eastern Europe. The explanations of these discrepancies are complex and I try to trace them out. One of my intended aims is also to analyze the contemporary attempt of the East European scientists to construct an anthropological discourse.. They refuse to make reference to the ethnographical tradition, specific in this area. beginning with the 19-th century. This trend, pleading for an anthropological discourse is doubled by approaches that perpetuate the indigenous traditional research. An ambiguity is obvious at this level, induced by the configuration, in the same time, of two different approach types with the same observation and analysis object.  
         
     
         
         
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